git-annex import - move and add files from outside git working copy


git annex import [path ...]


Moves files from somewhere outside the git working copy, and adds them to the annex. Individual files to import can be specified. If a directory is specified, the entire directory is imported.

        git annex import /media/camera/DCIM/*

When importing files, there's a possibility of importing a duplicate of a file that is already known to git-annex -- its content is either present in the local repository already, or git-annex knows of another repository that contains it, or it was present in the annex before but has been removed now.

By default, importing a duplicate of a known file will result in a new filename being added to the repository, so the duplicate file is present in the repository twice. (With all checksumming backends, including the default SHA256E, only one copy of the data will be stored.)

Several options can be used to adjust handling of duplicate files.


  • --duplicate

    Do not delete files from the import location.

    Running with this option repeatedly can import the same files into different git repositories, or branches, or different locations in a git repository.

  • --deduplicate

    Only import files that are not duplicates; duplicate files will be deleted from the import location.

  • --skip-duplicates

    Only import files that are not duplicates. Avoids deleting any files from the import location.

  • --clean-duplicates

    Does not import any files, but any files found in the import location that are duplicates are deleted.

  • --reinject-duplicates

    Imports files that are not duplicates. Files that are duplicates have their content reinjected into the annex (similar to git-annex-reinject).

  • --force

    Allow existing files to be overwritten by newly imported files.

    Also, causes .gitignore to not take effect when adding files.

  • file matching options

    Many of the git-annex-matching-options(1) can be used to specify files to import.

      git annex import /dir --include='*.png'
  • --jobs=N -JN

    Imports multiple files in parallel. This may be faster. For example: -J4

  • --json

    Enable JSON output. This is intended to be parsed by programs that use git-annex. Each line of output is a JSON object.


Note that using --deduplicate or --clean-duplicates with the WORM backend does not look at file content, but filename and mtime.

If annex.largefiles is configured, and does not match a file, git annex import will add the non-large file directly to the git repository, instead of to the annex.





Joey Hess

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